This attracive and easy-to grow species cultivated all over the world. The large ornamental plicate leaves provide greenery throughout the year. It can be grown fully exposed to the sun, but better foliage results when grown in 25-30 percent shade. It flowers in April - May.
Etymology: Gr phaios, dark, refering to the dark flower color of the first species described
A genus of about 50, usually terrestrial species distributed from Africa through India, southeast Asia and China to the Pacific islands. The popularity of this genus is attributable to the often large and handsome flowers as well as to ease of cultivation. Closely allied to Calanthe, it differs in having a lip that is attached to the base of the column. Pseudobulbs are usually large, thick, and clustered with large and distinctly veined leaves. Tall racemes of showy flowers are erect and arise from the base of the pseudobulbs. All species have eight pollinia.
The plants are notable for their leaves as well as flowers, since they may become 3 feet tall and add a tropical touch to a greenhouse or to a garden in a warm climate.
One of the loveliest in the genus, this species from Nepal, through southeast Asia and New Guinea, is readily identified by the large leaves with yellow spots and blotches. The stout, angular pseudobulbs carry tall spikes of fragrant, long-lived flowers of deep sulfur-yellow with a warm brown to reddish brown band on the lip margins. It requires an intermediate climate and flowers during April-May.